Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2017
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  



The Company


Polar Power, Inc. was incorporated in the State of Washington as Polar Products, Inc. and in 1991 reincorporated in the State of California under the name Polar Power, Inc. In December 2016, Polar Power, Inc. reincorporated in the State of Delaware (the “Company”). The Company designs, manufactures and sells direct current, or DC, power systems to supply reliable and low-cost energy to off-grid, bad-grid and backup power applications. The Company’s products integrate DC generator and proprietary automated controls, lithium batteries and solar systems to provide low operating cost and lower emissions alternative power needs in telecommunications, defense, automotive and industrial markets.


On November 14, 2016, the Company effected a 1-for-2.85 reverse split of its common shares. All share and per share amounts have been retroactively restated to reflect the split as if it had occurred as of the earliest period presented.


Basis of Presentation of Unaudited Financial Information


The unaudited condensed financial statements of the Company for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Regulation S-K for scaled disclosures for smaller reporting companies. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. However, such information reflects all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments), which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and results of operations. Results shown for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be obtained for a full fiscal year. The balance sheet information as of December 31, 2016 was derived from the audited financial statements included in the Company’s financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 10, 2017. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with that report.




The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Material estimates relate to the assumptions made in determining reserves for uncollectible receivables, inventory reserves and returns, impairment analysis of long term assets and deferred tax assets, income tax accruals, accruals for potential liabilities and assumptions made in valuing the fair market value of equity transactions. Actual results may differ from those estimates.




Inventories consist of raw materials and finished goods and are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined principally on a first-in-first-out average cost basis. Inventory quantities on hand are reviewed regularly and write-downs for obsolete inventory are recorded based on an estimated forecast of the inventory item demand in the near future. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company has established inventory reserves of $250,000 for obsolete and slow-moving inventory. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the components of inventories were as follows:



June 30,




December 31,


Raw materials   $ 2,736,512     $ 3,302,818  
Finished goods     3,250,157       1,786,773  
      5,986,669       5,089,591  
Less: Inventory reserve     (250,000 )     (250,000 )
Total Inventories, net   $ 5,736,669     $ 4,839,591  


Product Warranties


The Company provides limited warranties for parts and labor at no cost to its customers within a specified time period after the sale. The warranty terms are typically from one to five years. Provisions for estimated expenses related to product warranties are made at the time products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information about the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claim settlements as well as product manufacturing and recovery from suppliers. Management actively studies trends of warranty claims and takes action to improve product quality and minimize warranty costs. The Company estimates the actual historical warranty claims coupled with an analysis of unfulfilled claims to record a liability for specific warranty purposes. The Company’s product warranty obligations are included in other accrued liabilities in the balance sheets. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company’s product warranty liability had a balance of $175,000. Management believes that the warranty accrual is appropriate; however actual claims incurred could differ from original estimates, requiring adjustments to the accrual. The product warranty accrual is included in accrued and other current liabilities in the accompanying balance sheets.


The following is a tabular reconciliation of the product warranty liability, excluding the deferred revenue related to the Company’s warranty coverage:


Changes in estimates for warranties   June 30,

December 31,


Balance at beginning of the period   $ 175,000     $ 25,000  
Payments     (116,923 )     (135,457 )
Provision for warranties     116,923       285,457  
Balance at end of the period   $ 175,000     $ 175,000  


Income Taxes


The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences, and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized before the Company is able to realize their benefits, or that future deductibility is uncertain.


Tax benefits from an uncertain tax position are recognized only if it more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities based on technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate resolution. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.




Cash. The Company maintains cash balances at two banks. At times, the amount on deposit exceeds the federally insured limits. Management believes that the financial institutions that hold the Company’s cash is financially sound and, accordingly, minimal credit risk exists.


Net Sales. For the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, 73% and 94%, respectively, of net sales were generated from the Company’s largest telecommunications customer, Verizon Wireless. For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, 85% and 88%, respectively, of net sales were generated from Verizon Wireless.


Accounts receivable. On June 30, 2017, accounts receivable related to the Company’s largest customer represented 88% of the Company’s receivables. On December 31, 2016, 94% of the Company’s accounts receivable were from one customer, Verizon Wireless.


Accounts payable. On June 30, 2017, accounts payable to the Company’s largest vendor represented 33% while the other two largest vendors represented 13% and 11% each. On December 31, 2016, accounts payable to the Company’s largest vendor represented 29%, while the other two largest vendors represented 9% each.


Purchases. The Company has established relationships with third party engine suppliers and other key suppliers from which the Company sources components for its power systems. The Company is substantially dependent on its two key engine suppliers, Yanmar Engines Company and Kubota Corporation. Purchases from Yanmar and Kubota, represented 47% and 26% of the Company’s total cost of sales for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively; and represented 49% and 26% of the Company’s total cost of sales for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


Recent Accounting Pronouncements


In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive revenue recognition standard that will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under current GAAP and replace it with a principle based approach for determining revenue recognition. ASU 2014-09 will require that companies recognize revenue based on the value of transferred goods or services as they occur in the contract. The ASU also will require additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted only in annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods therein. Entities will be able to transition to the standard either retrospectively or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of ASU 2014-09 on the Company’s financial statements and disclosures.


In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases. ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to record a right of use asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. ASU 2016-02 is effective for all interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company is currently evaluating the expected impact that the standard could have on its financial statements and related disclosures.


Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the SEC did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.